Inventions Awarded ( 1991 - 2011)

 

Year : 2011: For Details: Click here

Year : 2010: For Details: Click here

 

Year : 2009

 
Sno
Title of Invention
Name of Inventor
Address
Awarded Amount (Rs)
Category

1.

A Portable device for in-situ sub-sampling of Aqueous Sediments

 

Dr. Anil Bhimrao Valsangkar,

National Institute of Oceanography
Dona-Paula, Goa

 

Rs.5.00 lakh
Innovation Award of the Year
2.

Clean Bioprocessing of white pepper from fresh and dried black pepper (Pepper Nigrum L)

Dr. V.B.Manilal
Sh. Ajit Haridas
Dr. K.M.Gopinathan

 

National Institute for Interdisciplinary Science & Technology, Thiruvananthapuram

Mahatma Gandhi Government Arts College, Pudducherry
Rs.5.00 lakh Innovation Award of the Year
3.

Pomegranate De-Seeder

(Awarded Certificate of Merit)

Sh. Uddhab Kr Bharali 

North Lakhimpur, Assam

 

 
(Awarded Certificate of Merit) Innovation Award of the Year
4.

Novel Universal Technique to establish the identity of enormous number of animal species for Forensic Applications.

 

Dr. Lalji Singh, Dr. Sunil Kumar Verma Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Hyderabad Rs.3.00 lakh

 

Societal Innovation Award of the Year
5. Design and Development of low cost sanitary Napkins using alternate material

 

Dr. Bhawana Chanana

Lady Irwin College, University of Delhi, New Delhi

 
Rs.3.00 lakh Societal Innovation Award of the Year
6. Evaporative cooling apparatus resistant to Vector Breeding

(Awarded Certificate of Merit)

Dr. V. K. Saxena, Dr. T. G. Thomas, 
Dr. Shiv Lal
Centre for Medical Entomology and Vector Management (NICD), Delhi (Awarded Certificate of Merit) Societal Innovation Award of the Year
7. Online Security System Serving as a Unique and Exclusive Password Generator for Every Internet Transaction
Sh. K Balaraju Hyderabad Rs.1.00 lakh Budding Innovators Award of the Year

Year : 2008

 
Sno
Title of Invention
Name of Inventor
Address
Awarded Amount (Rs)
Category

1.

Eco-Friendly Novel Technology for Managing White Grubs in North West Himalayas

(Jointly awarded Rs. Three lakhs only)

 

Dr. Satya Nand Sushil
Dr. Govindan Selvakumar
Dr. Muthugounder Mohan
Dr.Jagdish Chandra Bhatt
Dr. Hari Shankar Gupta


Vivekananda Pravatiya Krishi Anusandhan Sansthan  ICAR,  Almora – 263601 Uttarakhand

 

Rs.3.00 lakh


(Jointly awarded Rs. Three lakhs only)
Societal Innovation Award of the Year
2.

Silicon Locket for WEB enabled Cardiac Diagnostic

Sh. Sudip Nag

 

Indian Institute of Technology, Powai, Mumbai Rs.1.00 lakh Budding Innovators Award of the Year
3.

The Charismatic Chair - A boon for Children with cerebral palsy

(Jointly awarded Rs. One lakhs only)

Sh. Rahul Katyal, Sh. Mandeep Singh Sethi

M.M. Institute of Physiotherapy & Rehabilitation, Ambala

 

 
Rs.1.00 lakh


(Jointly awarded Rs. One lakhs only)
Budding Innovators Award of the Year

 

Year : 2007

 
Sno
Title of Invention
Name of Inventor
Address
Awarded Amount (Rs)

1.

Design and Development of Pollution Free Cotton Seed Delinting Plant

 

Sh. Vinod H. Kalbande, Sh. Prakash G. Shinde, Sh. Dilip P.  Dhote

Maharashtra State Seeds Corporation Ltd., Akola

 

Rs.1.00 lakh
2.

A High Performance Polymeric Syntan For Ecobenign Chrome Tanning

Dr. (Ms.) Mookandi  Kanthimathi, Dr. Jonnalagadda Raghava Rao, Dr. Palanisamy  Thanikaivelan, Dr. Balachandran Unni Nair, Dr. Thirumalachari Ramasami

 

Central Leather Research Institute, Adyar, Chennai Rs.1.00 lakh
3.

Anti-scratch coatings on plastic ophthalmic lenses and Sheets using Inorganic – Organic Hybrid Nano-composites

 

Dr. Goutam De, Mr. Samar Kumar Medda

Central Glass & Ceramic Research Institute, Kolkata West Bengal

 
Rs.1.00 lakh
4.

Fault current limiter for LT switchgear and appliances

 

Dr. Vagish Shrinet, Dr. Mukesh K. Shah Electrical Research and Development Association, Makarpura, Baroda Rs.1.00 lakh

 

5. Jhoola Pump

 

Sh. Mehi Lal Yadav Gaya, Bihar Rs.1.00 lakh

Year : 2006

 
Sno
Title of Invention
Name of Inventor
Address
Awarded Amount (Rs)
1.


Development & commercialisation of novel process technology for removal of H2S and mercaptans from LPG through continuous film contactor (CFC).

 

Dr. R P Verma, Dr U Manna, Shri S Kumar, Shri G V Butley and Dr S Banik 

Indian Oil Corporation, R & D Centre, Faridabad

Engineers India Ltd.
R & D, Gurgaon

 

Rs.2.00 lakhs
2. Full Garlic peeling machine

Shri  M Nagaranjan Virgo Engineering Works,
Usilampatti, Madurai
Rs.1.00 lakh
3. Vivek Thresher for Mandua  ( Finger Millet ) / Madira
( Barnyard Millet )

 

Shri Krishna Pratap Singh, Dr Samaresh Kundu and Dr. Hari Shankar Gupta Vivekananda Parvatiya Krishi Anusandhan Sansthan (VPKAS), Almora Rs.1.00 lakh
4. Membrane Oxygenator, a medical device for cardiac surgery

 

Dr G S Bhuvaneshwar, Shri D S Nagesh, Shri C V Muraleedharan, Dr R Sankarkumar and Shri H Vijaykumar Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Thiruvananthapuram Rs. 60,000/-

 

5. Guard for protecting padlock and the strip

 

Shri K X Benedict Innova research Centre (P) Ltd, Kochi Rs. 40,000/-

Year : 2005

 
Sno
Title of Invention
Name of Inventor
Address
Awarded Amount (Rs)
1.


An area specific mineral mixture to increase productivity of Bovines of Uttaranchal and Uttar Pradesh

Dr. M.C. Sharma, Dr. M.P. Yadav, Dr. Chinmay Joshi and Dr. N.N. Pathak 
Indian Veterinary Research Institute (IVRI), Izatnagar, Bareilly

 

Rs.1.50 lakhs
2. Laser Mapping & Planning of a Rough Diamond Shri Arvind Kumar L. Patel  Sahajanand Laser Technology, Ahmedabad Rs.1.50 lakhs
3. Oilzapper eliminates crude oil spills, manage oily sludge Dr. Banwari Lal  The Energy & Resources Institute (TERI), New Delhi Rs.1.50 lakhs
4. Blood Glucose Digital Analyzer Dr. Bansi Dhar Malhotra, Dr. Rajender Kumar Sharma, Shri Rajesh Kumar, Dr. Shyam Sudhir Pandey, Dr. Kumaran Ramanathan, Shri Ved Prakash Arya & Shri Sanjay Kumar Rajput 

Dr. N.B. Tulsani, Ex- Scientist, 

National Physical Laboratory, New Delhi 

 

 

Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology, Delhi

Rs.1.00 lakh
5. Process for the Production of Porous Ocular Implant from synthetic Calcium Hydroxyapatite Dr. Debabrata Basu and Dr. Mithlesh Kumar Sinha  Central Glass & Ceramic Research Institute, Kolkata,  Rs.1.00 lakh
6. Development of Process Know-how for the Manufacture of Abrasive Silica which is used in GEL Toothpaste Formulations Shri Vinod Mansukhlal Sheth, Shri Niraj Natvarlal Gohil, Shri Nilesh Trivedi and Shri Sanjay Jayantilal Makwana  Madhu Silica Pvt. Ltd., Bhavnagar Rs. 75,000/-
7. Treatment of Industrial Alkaline Waste Water (Sodic Condensate) for removal of Aluminium ions from Condensate containing Trace Amount of Sodium aluminate By Ion exchange method for Boiler use Dr. Balakrushna Padhi, Shri Benjamin Toppo and Shri P. Vidyasagar  National Aluminium Company Ltd., Damanjodi, Orissa Rs. 75,000/-
8. Enhancement of Short circuit Level of Low Tension Air Circuit Breaker by Optimising Contact Dynamics Dr. Mukesh Kantilal Shah and Shri Muraleedharan Nair MB  Electrical Research & Development Association, Vadodra Rs. 75,000/-
9. Low Sidelobe Microstrip Antenna Array for Man-portable Radars Dr. U.K. Revankar and Smt. K.S. Beenamole  LRDE, Bangalore Rs. 75,000/-
10. Bicycle Saddle – Unisex Model, incorporating unique feature Capsulated Air Column Shri Surmeet Singh Sethi  Thane Rs. 75,000/-
11. Design and Development of Tractor Operated Paddy Straw – Chopper-cum-Spreader Dr. Ishwar Kumar Garg

 

Shri Sarbjeet Singh Panesar 

Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana

Dashmesh Mechanical Works, Sangrur (Punjab)

Rs. 60,000/-
12. A need based user friendly low cost device Banana Fibre Extractor Shri Rupakula Sudhakar, Dr. Kapil Deo Singh 

Shri Indravarapu Srinivas


Dr. V. Venkatasubramanian

 

Central Tobacco Research Institute, Rajahmundry

Central Research Institute for Dry Land Agriculture, Hyderabad

Krishna Milk Union Project, Vijayawada

Rs. 40,000/-
13. New Varieties of Ornamental Crossandra Sh. Venkatapathy T.  Lakshmi Narayan’s Crossandra Centre, Koodapakkam, Pondicherry, Rs. 40,000/-

Year : 2004

 
Sno
Title of Invention
Name of Inventor
Address
Awarded Amount (Rs)
Area/ Field
1.


A Whole-Blood Agglutination Assay for On-site Detection of Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection (HIV)

 
Prof. V.K. Chaudhary and Dr. (Mrs.) Amita Gupta
Deptt. of Biochemistry, University of Delhi, South Campus, 
New Delhi

 

Rs. 1,50,000/-
Biotechnology
2.
Process for the Extraction of Ecdysteroid (Sampoorna) from Caryophyllaceae family of Plants
Dr (Ms.) Kanika Trivedy, Dr. K. Sashindran Nair, Dr. S. Nirmal Kumar, Dr. Rajat Kumar Datta (Rtd.), Dr. Shankar B. Dandin
Central Sericultural Research and Training Institute, Mysore

 

Rs. 1,00,000/-
Agro
3.
On-Line Property Prediction System For Hot Rolled Coil
Dr. Ananya Mukhopadhyay, Dr.Sudipta Sikdar, Sh.Saurabh Kundu & Sh.Ashwin Pandit

R&D and Scientific Services Division, Tata Steel, Bistupur, Jamshedpur  (Jharkhand)

 

Rs. 1,00,000/-
Electrical/ Electronics
4.
Cotton Stripper Machine
Sh. Mansukhbhai Baldevbhai Patel
Ghatiodia, Ahmedabad

 

Rs. 75,000/-
Agro
5.
Normal Cure Composite Tape Seal (NCCS) for Cable Joint

 

Dr. Kandasamy Natarajan
Advanced Polymer Materials Laboratory,  R.V. College of Engineering, Bangalore

 

Rs. 75,000/-
Chemical
6.
Development of Corrosion Inhibitors/Metal Passivator additive for Lubricant, Grease and fuel Application from Waste Refinery Streams  
Dr. Akhilesh Kumar Bhatnagar, Dr. Deepak Kumar Tuli, Dr. Rakesh Sarin, Dr. Ajay Kumar Arora and  Sh. Pankaj Kumar Mondal
Indian Oil Corporation Ltd., R&D Centre, Faridabad

 

Rs. 75,000/-
Chemical
7.
 Novel Method for In-situ Balancing of Rotors
Sh.Prakash Mangesh Rao Kantak

Engineering Training Div., Air India, Mumbai

 

Rs. 75,000/-
Mechanical
8.

On Line Fault Sensor for Transformer
 

Dr.Vagish Shrinet, Sh.Nilesh R.Pandya & Dr.M.Ramamoorty


Electrical Research & Development Association, Vadodara

 

Rs. 40,000/-
Electrical/ Electronics

 

9.


An Improved Mild Steel Handloom for Weaving Matting
Dr. Uma Sankar Sarma, Sh. T.A. Rajendrababu,  Sh. C.R. Komala Kumar and Sh. A. Radhakrishnan Central Coir Research Institute, Aleppey, Kerala Rs. 40,000/-

Mechanical

10.

Multi purpose Design Cutting/Sizing/Embossing Machine Sh. M.M. Arif Tri Nagar, New Delhi 
Rs. 40,000/-

 

Mechanical

 

   Year : 2003

 
Sno
Title of Invention
Name of Inventor
Address
Awarded Amount (Rs)
Area/ Field
1.
A Device for  recovery of finest  cleans from accumulated slurry in coal beneficiation plant and process thereof
Dr. Kalyan Sen  & Dr. Dilip Kumar Chakraborty
Central /fuel Research Institute,
Dhanbad

 

Rs. 1,00,000/-
Mining & Metallurgy
2.
Development of M type Dispenser cathodes for microwave tubes
Dr. K S Bhat, S/Shri Meduri Ravi & C. Suresh
Microwave Tube R & D Centre (MTRDC)

 

Rs. 75,000/-
Electrical/ Electronics
3.
Opto-electronic apparatus for static & dynamic measurements
S/Shri Rajkumar Sameul, M.V. Rao, Dr. P.S.Nair, Shri Akkaram Ananthan, Prof. r.S. Sirohi & Prof. M.P. Kotyal
ISRO Satellite Centre
Bangalore
Karnataka
and
IIT, Delhi 
and
IIT, Chennai

 

Rs. 75,000/-
Electrical/ Electronics
4.
Multi Purpose food processor
Shri K X Benedict
Ochanthuruth, Kochi
Kerala

 

Rs. 60,000/-
Food
5.
Maleic anhydride grafted polymers
S/Shri Devendra Jain & Anil Mehta
Pluss polymers (P) Ltd.,
New Delhi

 

Rs. 60,000/-
Chemical
6.
Tractor mounted multipurpose deep trencher
Shri C P Sadashivaiah
Shiva Industries, 
Tumkur,
Karnataka

 

Rs. 60,000/-
Mechanical
7.
Fresh Flavour Ginger  Oil from green ginger
Dr. C. Arumughan, Shri M M Sree Kumar, Ms. B. Sankarikutty, Dr. (Ms.) M A Sumathykutty & Dr. (Ms) K P Padmakumari
Regional Research Laboratory,
Thiruvananthapuram

 

Rs. 40,000/-
Food
8.
Manufacturing furniture from Old used Automotive tyres
Mrs. Rama Anand
R A Innovations
New Delhi

 

Rs. 40,000/-
Mechanical


  Year : 2002
 

 

Sno
Title of Invention
Name of Inventor
Address
Awarded Amount (Rs)
Area/ Field
1
Shape Memory Alloy (SMA) Actuated Stepper Drive Mechanism
Sh. N.Viswanatha, Sh. T.P.Murali, Sh. M.K.Ravindran, Sh. T.S.Simil & Sh. N. Prasad
ISRO Satellite Centre
Bangalore
Karnataka
Rs.60,000/-
Electrical/ Electronics
2
Cocolawn-A Ready Made Lawn
Sh. Christy Fernandez, Dr. Uma Sankar Sarma & Sh. K.P.Somanthan Nair
Coir Board
Kochi
Kerala
Rs.40,000/-
Agro
3
An Apparatus for Plant Tissue Culture
Dr. Satyahari Dey, Dr. P.S.Bhattacharya & Prof. B.C.Bhattacharya
Indian Institute of Technology
Kharagpur
West Bengal
Rs.40,000/-
Biotechnology
4
Automatic Insect Removal Bins for Safe Storage of Grains and Seeds.
Prof. S. Mohan
Tamilnadu Agricultural University
Coimbatore
Tamil Nadu
Rs.30,000/-
Agro
5
Rock Bee Clip
(Late) Sh. Amritrao Indurao Ghadge
Dattapur
Wardha
Rs.30,000/-
Agro
6
A Device for Production of Soft Coke and Process Thereof
Dr. Sushanta Kumar Hazra & Sh. Partha Sengupta
Central Fuel Research Institute
Dhanbad
Rs.30,000/-
Metallurgy
7
Micro Microscope
Sh.Ramendra Lal Mukherjee
Micro Instruments
Howrah
West Bengal
Rs.25,000/-
Electrical/ Electronics

 

Year : 2001

S no.
Title of Invention
Name of Inventor
Address
Awarded Amount (Rs)
Area/ Field
1
Low Squint Non-Resonant Wave Guide Slotted Array Antenna for Surveillance radar
Dr. S. Christopher, Mr. V.A. Abid Hussain
Electronics Radar Development and Establishment (LRDE)
Bangalore
80000/-
Electrical/ Electronics
2
Technology on Pollution Control in Brick Kilns
Prof. R.N. Iyengar, Dr. Ashok Kumar Gupta, Dr.Chaman Lal Verma, Sh. Ram Gopal Gupta, Sh. Ephraim Samuel Hirala, Sh. Surendra Kumar, Dr Ashwani Kumar manocha and Sh. Shivappa Himesh.
Central Building  Research Institute
Roorkee
50000/-
Civil
3
Chemical Detectors for Toxic Gases-Detector Strips, Short term Detector tubes & Dosimeter Tubes
Dr. R.C. Naik, Dr. K.S. Ajayakumar
M/s United Phosphorus Ltd.
50000/-
Chemical
4
Pilfer proof Closure for Containers
Sh. Sabbir S. Pachorawala
M/s Raj Bucket Factory
Thane
25000/-
Metallurgy
5
Arecanut Dehusking Tool
Sh. Sudarshana
Puttur (D.K.)
Karnataka
20000/-
Rural
6
A Versatile Tactile Drawing Board for  Blind Education
Sh. Milan Das
M/s National Institute of the Visually Handicapped,
Secunderabad, Andhra Pradesh
20000/-
Rural

Year : 2000

S no
Title of Invention
Name of Inventor
Address
Awarded Amount (Rs)
Area/ Field
1
Development of Technology and systems for Slipring unit of precision coherent Monopulse C-Band Radar
Sh. K.R. Kaimal, Sh. V.V. Karunakaran, Sh. Gangadhar De, Sh. K. Raveendar Sh. V.C. Vijaykumar, Sh.S.Chandrasekharan Nair
Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station, Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre
Thiruvananthapuram (Kerala)
75000/-
Electrical/ Electronics
2
Novel Spray Formulations based on Xanthen Dyes for Detecting Latent Finger Prints
Dr.G. S. Sodhi, Dr. Jasjeet Kaur
SGTB Khalsa College & College of Applied Science for Women, Delhi University
Delhi
60000/-
Chemical
3
Three Channel Monopulse Receiver at Ka-Band (Millimeter Waves)
Dr. K.D. Nayak, Sh. Virpal Singh, Sh. Ashok Mittal, Sh. Ajay Malik
Defence Electronics Applications Laboratory
Dehradun
50000/-
Electrical/ Electronics
4
"SITRA  Enerspin" Drive System for Ring Spinning and Doubling Machines
Ms. Indra Doraiswamy, Sh. P. Muthukumaraswamy, Sh. N. Vasantha Kumar, Sh. G. Ilango
The South India Textile Research Association, 
Coimbatore
Tamilnadu
40000/-
Textile
5
Direct Gas Fired and Steam Blended Loop Ager System
Sh. Girish R. Luthra
M/s Luthra Dyeing and Printing Mills, 
Surat
Gujarat
40000/-
Textile

Year : 1999

Sno
Title of Invention
Name of Inventor
Address
Awarded Amount (Rs)
Area/ Field
1
Bio-inoculant in liquid form with plurality of strains used as soil application or biofoliar sprays for Augmentation of crop yield
Sh. R.U. Kanitkar, Ms. Snadeepa Inamdar
Kumar Krishimitra Bio-Products (I) Pvt. Ltd.
Pune
Maharashtra
100000/-
Biotech
2
Combustible Cartridge cases for Tank Gun Ammunition
Sh. R.K. Syal, Sh. S.B. Talegaonkar, Sh. S. K. Saudi, Sh. K. D. Borole, Sh. J. R. Peshave
High Energy Materials Research 
Pune
Rs.75,000/-
Defence
3
Development of cheap & suitable fire protective coating materials for preventing spontaneous heating in open cast mines
Dr. R.V.K. Singh, Dr. Salil Kumar Ghosh, Dr. Bharat Bhushan Dhar
Central Mining Research Institute 
Dhanbad
Rs.75,000/-
Mining
4
New Ejection Mechanism of spent cases of Gas Operated Rifle
Sh. Prasanta K. Das
Rifle Factory Shapore P.O. Ishapore,
West Bengal
Rs.75,000/-
Defence
5
Sketching device for tactile graphics through thread delivery over hook & loop surface - An education aid for blind children
Sh. Dilip B. Bhatt & Ms. Pragnya D. Bhatt

Ahmedabad - Gujarat
Rs.50,000/-
Rural
6
Vijetha- A Silkworm body & rearing agent set disinfectant
Dr. R.K. Datta, Dr. M. Baig, Sh. T. Selvakumar, Dr. M.B.V. Subbiah, Dr. B. Nataraj, Dr. M. M. Ahsan
Central Sericultural Research & Training Instt. Srirampura, 
Mysore
Rs.40,000/-
Agro
7
Reducing the period of retting of coconut husks & upgrading the quality of unretted green husks Coir Fibre
Dr. Uma Sankar Sarma & Dr(Ms.) Anita Ravindranath Das
Central Coir Research Institute 
Alleppey
Kerala
Rs.35,000/-
Agro
8
An Intramedullary interlocking nail- New design for joining fractures of Tibia
Dr. K.P. Daga
Daga Hospital, 
Solapur -  Maharashtra
Rs.30,000/-
Medical/Drugs
9
Curvex Batch Coder
Sh. Lakshman Prasad
M/s Numerators India
Aligarh -  UP
Rs.30,000/-
Mechanical
10
Pedal operated Rice Mill
TH. Surendranath Singh
Manipur Science & Technology Council 
Imphal -  (Manipur)
Rs.25,000/-
Mechanical
11
Coconut Husking Tool
Sh. Jippu Jacob & Sh. Joby Bastian
Keral Agricultural Univ. Kellappaji College of Agricultural Engg. and Technology
Tavanur
Rs.25,000/-
Rural
12
Altitude Encoder Unit
Sh. S.M. Sharma & Sh. Uma Kant
Hindustan Aeronautics Limited
Lucknow - UP
Rs.25,000/-
Electrical/ Electronics
13
Composite indentation hardness tester with built-in base for rubber and the like substances such as plastics.
Sh. Kumar Balram Bhatia
M/s Blue Steel Engineers Pvt. Ltd. 
Mumbai - Maharashtra
Rs.25,000/-
Mechanical
14
Electronic Wood Moisture Indicator
Sh. K. Shyama Sunder
Indian Plywood Industries Research 
Bangalore
Karnataka
Certificate
Electrical/ Electronics
15
Development of ISROFLEX Heater
Sh. H. Bhojraj, Sh.M.H.R.Sreenivasa, Sh. Y.G.N. Appa Rao, Dr. Surya Kumar Sharma, Sh. R. Rathna Kumar
Indian Space Research Organisation Thermal Fab. Division Satellite Centre Department of Space, Airport Road, Vimanpura
Bangalore
Karnataka
Certificate
Electrical/ Electronics
16
Twin Screw Food Extruder
Dr. Subodh K. Mukherjee
M/s Basic Technology Pvt. Ltd. 2/28, Nundy Street
Kolkata
West Bengal
Certificate
Food

Year : 1998

S no
Title of Invention
Name of Inventor
Address
Awarded Amount (Rs)
Area/ Field
1
Process for the preparation  of  alumina hydrate of superior purity and fitness & process for preparartion of low soda high alpha pure alumina
Dr.Bijoy Kumar Satapathy, Sh.Sirish Chandra Patnaik, Sh.Saroj Kumar Patnaik
National Aluminium Company Ltd.
Bhubaneswar
Orissa
Rs.75,000/-
Metallurgy
2
Fluidized abrasive polishing machine
Prof.(Dr.)V.Radhakrishnan, Dr.R.Jaganathan
IIT
Chennai
Rs.75,000/-
Metallurgy
3
Upgradation of Electro Optical Tracking System
Dr.B.K.Das
Electro Optical Tracking DivisionInterim test Range
Chandipur, Orissa
Rs.50,000/-
Electrical/ Electronics
4
Hydroxypatite coated titanium implant for tooth replacement
Dr. Sabrata Pal, Sh. T. K. Pal, Dr. Anjana Pal
Jadavpur University
Kolkata
West Bengal
Rs.50,000/-
Medical/Drugs
5
X & S band Monopulse Tracking Feed for remote sensing satellite earth station
Dr.S.Pal, Sh.V.K.Lakshmeesha, Sh.V.V.Srinivasan, Sh.M.Kumar, Sh.V.Senthil Kumar
ISRO Satellite Centre Communication Systems Group 
Bangalore, Karnataka
Rs.35,000/-
Electrical/ Electronics
6
Conversion of slab caster into combination three strand bloom cum slab caster
Sh.Jai Ram Gupta, Sh.V.Balasubramani
Bhilai Steel Plant
Bhilai
Rs.35,000/-
Metallurgy
7
Design & Development of an automatic irrigation system
Sh.Surinder Kumar Luthra, Sh.M.J.Kaledhonkar, Dr. Om Pal Singh, Dr.Narender Kumar Tyagi
Central Soil Salinity Research Institute (CSSRI)
Karnal, Haryana
Rs.25,000/-
Mechanical/ Agriculture
8
A Clock controlled sun tracking system for photo voltaic and solar thermal collectors
Prof. Yash pal Singh, Prof. V. G. Rao
IIT
Kharagpur
Rs.10,000/-
Electrical/ Electronics
9
Palmyrah Fibre Separator
Sh. I. Srinivas, Sh. R. Sudhakar, Dr. K. Nagarajan
Central Tobacco Research Institute
Rajamundry (AP)
Rs.10,000/-
Agro

Year : 1997

Sno.
Title of Invention
Name of Inventor
Address
Awarded Amount (Rs)
Area/ Field
1
A novel process for reduction roasting of Manganese ore and device therefore
Sh. Sudhakar V. Kothari, Sh. N. A. Subramanian
Paramount Sinters
Nagpur
Rs.60,000/-
Metallurgy
2
Wide L&C Band Antenna for remote controlled aircraft
Dr. Surendra Pal, Sh. V. K. Lakshmeesha, Sh. S. Kumar Barnwal
ISRO Satellite Centre
Bangalore
Rs.50,000/-
Electrical/ Electronics
3
Duel Polarised Vsat Antenna Feed
Dr. S. Christopher, Dr. A. K. Singh, Dr. (Ms.) Anjana Kaul
LRDE
Bangalore
Rs.50,000/-
Electrical/ Electronics
4
Acephate Technical
Dr. N. K. Roy
Indian Agricultural Research Institute
New Delhi
Rs.40,000/-
Chemical
5
Dev. of process & Machinery for spinning jute/cotton blended yarn in short staple spinning system
Ms. Indra Doraiswamy, Sh. P. Chellamani, Sh. A.Kanthimathinathan, Sh. M. Kathirvel, Sh. M. Murthy
SITRA
Coimbatore
Rs.35,000/-
Agro
6
Regulation of speed of steam turbine through an innovative auto suction control of coke oven gas with built-in safety interlock
Sh. Shankar Prasad, Sh. Ganpat Ram Sahu, Sh. Niranjan M Muley, Sh. N. C. Bansiyar
Bhilai Steel Plant
Rs.30,000/-
Metallurgy
7
Design, Development, installation and commissioning of 100 TPD capasity high pressure sintering unit
Sh. Nirmal K.Kakkar, Sh. Samir K .Roy, Sh. Arun K .Pd Singh, Sh. Subhasis Chaudhuri, Sh. Kirti Prasad Verma
SAIL
Ranchi
Rs.25,000/-
Metallurgy
8
Super efficient environment friendly geyser for water heating
Sh. Suresh Narain Mathur
Ghaziabad
Rs.20,000/-
Rural
9
Development of process technology for manufacture of detergent grade Zeolite-A
Sh. M. M. Seth, Dr. C. R.  Misra, Dr. R. S. Somani, Dr. P. M .Oza, Sh. M. R. Gandhi, Sh. V. M. Sheth
CSMCRI, Bhubaneshwar, National Aluminium Co. Ltd., 
Bhubaneshwar
Orissa
Rs.100000/-
Chemical

Year : 1996

Sno
Title of Invention
Name of Inventor
Address
Awarded Amount (Rs)
Area/ Field
1
Advent of Titanium complex grease: a break through in the history of lubricating greases
Dr. A .K. Bhatnagar, Dr. M.M. Rai, Dr. K. P. Naithani, Sh. A. S. Verma, Dr. E. Sayanna, Dr. Anoop Kumar
Indian Oil Corporation Ltd., Research & Development Centre, 
Faridabad, Haryana
Rs.75,000/-
Chemical
2
Dynamic Carrier control for high power Radio Transmitters
Sh. N. Srinivasan, Sh. R. Narasimha Swamy, Sh. S. Ramachandran, Sh. P. P. Murlidharan
All India Radio & Doordarshan, 
New Delhi
Rs.60,000/-
Electrical/ Electronics
3
Chemglage-A process for improving fatigue crack growth resistance by laser beam
Sh.Arvind Bharti, Dr. Vikas Kumar Saxena
Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory,
Kanchanbagh, Hyderabad
Rs.50,000/-
Metallurgy
4
Dev. of Neutron radiography transfer imaging technique using linear accelerator for qualification of space components
Sh. K. Vishwanathan, Sh. C.Subbiah, Sh. K. VenkataRao, Sh. V. N. Misale, Sh.P.V.Sai Suryanarayana, Sh. S.K. Athithan, Sh. M.C. Uttam
ISRO Setallite Centre, 
Sriharkota
Rs.40,000/-
Electrical/ Electronics
5
Universal Commutator Turning fixure(At Situ)
Sh. D. P. Vishwakarma, Sh. K. C. Naik
Bhilai Steel Plant, 
Bhilai
Rs.35,000/-
Metallurgy
6
"CEPIN" & "PHEB"- New and improved tools for site metallography/ remaining life assessment of boilers
Dr. G. Venkataraman
Bharat Heavy Electricals  Limited, Welding Research Institute
Tiruchirapalli
Rs.15,000/-
Metallurgy

Year : 1995

Sno
Title of Invention
Name of Inventor
Address
Awarded Amount (Rs)
Area/ Field
1
Intelligent Braille Interpreter
Sh.Ajit Madhav Patankar, Sh.Ashok K.Bayala
Bhabha Atomic Reseach Centre, 
Mumbai, 
Maharashtra
 
Rs.75,000/-
Electrical/ Electronics
2
Mechanized Depillaring of thick coal seam with cable bolts
Dr. Tribhuwan Nath Singh, Sh. Bimla Kant Dubey
Central Mining & Research Institute, 
Dhanbad, 
Bihar
Rs.75,000/-
Mining
3
Development of (a) Novel cross linked macroporous Polymer matrix useful for immobilization of industrial enzyme(s) (b) process for production of immobilized Pencillin G Acylase using the Polymer Matrix and production of 6-Amino Penicillanic Acid using the Immobilized Enzyme.
 
Dr R A Mashelkar, Dr S Penrathnam, Dr C R Rajan, Dr S R Naik, Dr. J. G. Shewale, Dr. G. R. Ambekar, Dr. K K Krishnadas
National Chemical Laboratory
Pune
Rs.50,000/-
Biotech
4
Space worthy coilable lattice boom
Sh. S. K. Balan, Sh. V. Sridharamurthy, Sh. T. P. Murli, Sh. Raju Aller, Sh. B.S. Nataraju, Sh. G. Murugavel, Sh. D. Kamesh
ISRO Satellite Centre, 
Bangalore, 
Karnataka
VSSC, Trivandrum
 
Rs.50,000/-
Electrical/ Electronics
5
Continuous production of invert sugar (Syrup) through biotechnology route
Dr. Sailen Ghosh
Bhabha Atomic Reseach Centre, Food Technology  Division, Trombay
Mumbai,  Maharashtra
 
Rs.50,000/-
Chemical/ Biotech
6
Multi band Antenna system at L/S/UHF band for satellite/ cellular hand held phone
Dr. S. Pal,  Sh. V. K. Lakshmeesha, Sh. V. Mahadevan, Sh. K. Sadanandan, Sh. M. L. Subramanya, Sh. C.D.V. Subramanyan. Sh. L. Nicholas, Sh. M. Kumar, Sh. S. Ashwathanarayana, Sh. V. Subramanya, Sh. T. Mallikarjunaiah
 
ISRO Satellite Centre, 
Bangalore, Karnataka
 
Rs.40,000/-
Electrical/ Electronics
7
High set remote Prop
Sh.Sibnath Maity
Central Mining Research Institute, 
Dhanbad, 
Bihar
 
Rs.30,000/-
Mining
8
Permeability Meter or hysterisis loop tracer
Sh.Narhar Gopal Nandikar
M/s Ferrites India,  Mumbai
Maharashtra
 
Rs.30,000/-
Electrical/ Electronics

Year : 1994

Sno
Title of Invention
Name of Inventor
Address
Awarded Amount (Rs)
Area/ Field
1
Chitra Heart Valve Prosthesis
Sh.G.S.Bhuvaneshwar, Sh.D.S.Neelkantan Nair , Sh.C.V.Murlidharan
Shree Chitra Tirunal Instt. For Medical Sc. & Tech, Poojapuram
Trivandrum
Rs.75,000/-
Medical/Drugs
2
Development of high strength low density aluminium -lithium aerospace alloy
Dr. A. A. Gokhale, Sh. R. K. Singh
Defence Metallurgical Research Laboratory, Kanchanbagh
Hyderabad
Rs.75,000/-
Metallurgy
3
Automatic Self adjusting spanner/wrench
Sh.C.V.Solanki, Sh.Harindra V.Siolanki
M/s. Solsons
Ahmedabad
Rs.75,000/-
Mechanical
4
Improved software package for planer near field measurement-class
Dr. S. Christopher, Sh. Suma  S. Rao, Sh. Shaji  P. Alex,  Sh.R.C.Sedhou
Electronic & Radar Dev. Establishment, 
Bangalore
Karnataka
Rs.60,000/-
Metallurgy
5
X-Band high Bit  Rate QPSK Modulator
Dr. S. Pal, Sh. V. Sambasiva Rao, Sh. D. V. Ramana, Ms. L. Suvarna, Sh. K. Krishna Murthy,Sh. A. Bhaskarnarayana
ISRO Setallite Centre, 
Bangalore, 
Karnataka
Rs.60,000/-
Electrical/ Electronics
6
Passive radiant cooler for very high resolution of payload of INSAT-2 Satellite
Sh. Prakash P. Gupta, Sh. S.C. Rastogi, Dr. Indira Rajgopal, Dr. Ajay Kumar Saxena
ISRO Setallite Centre, NAL,Bangalore, 
IIA, Bangalore,
Karnataka
Rs.40,000/-
Electrical/ Electronics
7
Mini crane for builders
Sh. J.P.Kaushish, Sh. Bhagwan Das, Sh. S.K. Saini, Sh. D.K. Gautam, Sh. Mahendra Pal
Central Building Research Institute
Roorkee
Rs.30,000/-
Civil
8
Mechanisedl process for Converting Pineapple leaf fibres into yarn
Sh. T. V. Ratnmam, Ms. Indra Doraiswamy, Sh. P. Chellamani, Sh. R. Gunasekaran
The South India Textile Research Association
Coimbatore
Tamilnadu
Rs.30,000/-
Agro
9
Electronic Wheel Chair
Prof. A. G. Patil
S. B. M. Polytechnic, 
Mumbai
Rs.30,000/-
Electrical/ Electronics
10
Manufacture of surface coating from oligomeric polymer waste
Dr. N. D. Sharma, Sh. Atul P. Jain, Sh. A. K. Panday, Dr. B. V. Rao
Sir Padmpat  Research Centre 
Kota, 
Rajasthan
Rs.30,000/-
Chemical
11
Development of aeronautical grade cast acrylic sheet
Dr. T. J. M. Sinha
Gujarat State Fertilizers Co. Ltd., 
Vadodara
Gujarat
Rs.30,000/-
Chemical
12
Air Plasma cutting cum TIG cum MMA welding equipment
Sh.HughenThomas
Plasma Cutting Equipment Pvt. Ltd., 
Pune, 
Maharashtra
Rs.25,000/-
Metallurgy
13
Dev. of Berryllium Components for strategic application
Sh.N.Sivasubramaanian, Sh.Beant P.Sharma, Sh.Ved Prakash Sharma
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, 
Mumbai
Rs.25,000/-
Metallurgy
14
Air Plasma Cutting Welding Equipment
Sh.Gerrard R.Thomas
M/S.Gerrard Plasma Systems Pvt.Ltd., 
Mumbai
Rs.25,000/-
Metallurgy
15
Building block technique for solid propellant grains
Sh.L.Ramachandran, Sh.S.K.Athithan, Sh.P.M.Varkey, Sh.V.N.Krishnamurty
Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre
Thiruvananthapuram
Rs.25,000/-
Electrical/ Electronics
16
Boron Technology
Dr.C.K.Gupta, Sh.D.K.Bose
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, 
Mumbai, 
Maharashtra
Rs.15,000/-
Chemical
17
Spark Gap for  protection of series capacitors in 220 Kv transmission system
Dr. S. C.Gupta, Sh. R. Rajaraman, Sh.K.R.Sulaiman Sheriff
Bharat Heavy Eelectricals Ltd., Corp. R&D Division, Vikasnagar
Hyderabad
Rs.15,000/-
Electrical/ Electronics

Year : 1993

Sno
Title of Invention
Name of Inventor
Address
Awarded Amount (Rs)
Area/ Field
1
Armour Steel Coded Ass Jackal
Sh. S.R. Sahay
Defence Metell. Res. Lab, Kanchanbagh,
Hyderabad
Rs.50,000/-
Metallurgy
2
Colour Photowrite
Prof.B.L.Deekshatulu, Sh.K.M.M.Rao, Sh.O.P.Bajpai, Sh.D.S.Jain, Sh.S.Rajendra Kumar, Sh. Y. Ravindra Babu, Sh. V. Subramanian, Sh. K. Shankar Rao, Sh S. N. Chari, Sh. R.M. Bera
National Remote Sensing Agency
Hyderabad
Rs.50,000/-
Chemical
3
Dynamic Hardness Tester
Sh. S.D. Kulkarni
Fasni Test Equipment Pvt. Ltd., 
Sangli
Rs.40,000/-
Mechanical
4
Multidirectional Carbon fibre preform process technology
Sh. Veluturi Murli Mohan
Defence Res. & Dev. Laboratory, 
Hyderabad
Rs.40,000/-
Metallurgy
5
Thick Film Potentiometric Sensor for Flight Control Actuation System
Sh.S.S.Misra, Sh.S.Rajendra Kumar, Dr.T.R.Reddy Sh.K.Barua, Sh.M.D.Das
Research Centre Imarat 
Hyderabad
DERL, Hyderabad
Rs.40,000/-
Electrical/ Electronics
6
Laser based alignment system for electrical power & other industries
Dr.Chandra Shanker, Dr.U.M.Chaudhari
Indian Institute of Technology 
New Delhi
BHEL, Hyderabad
Rs.35,000/-
Electrical/ Electronics
7
Personal Braille Embosser
Dr. M.P.Srinivasan, Sh. J.E. Diwaakar
Indian Instt. Of Science 
Bangalore,
Karanataka
Rs.15,000/-
Metallurgy
8 Innovation of Handloom effectively suitable for the visually handicapped Dr B P Sarkar, Dr S N Mahendra, Sh Mahadev Prasad Indian Instt of Handlooms technology, Varanasi Rs. 10,000/-  
9 Street Light fitting of superior designs Sh Kurian George Kerala State Electricity Board, Kerala Rs. 10,000/-  
10 Large optics polishing machine Sh. Raj Bahadur M/s Prabhat works, Delhi Rs. 10,000/-  
11 New process fort he manufacture of multi layer printed circuit board Sh Vedu Mitter M/s. Micropack Ltd., Bangalore Rs. 10,000/-  

 

Year : 1992

Sno
Title of Invention
Name of Inventor
Address
Awarded Amount (Rs)
Area/ Field
1
A process for the manufacture of Mass Culture of Spirulina Algae.
Dr. C.V. Seshadri, Sh. B. V. Umesh
Shri. A.M.M. Murugappa, Chettiar Research Centre, Tharamani
Chennai
Rs.50,000/-
Chemical
2
W-Band monopules antenna system for missile sector application.
Dr. K.K.Srivastava, Sh. B.K. Mukhopadhyay, Sh. J.V. Prasad, Sh. M. Damodar, Sh. N. Addisheshu
Secker Herad LAB. RCI, DRDL, Hyderabad
IIT, Kharagpur
Rs.40,000/-
Electrical/ Electronics
3
Glass Reinforced Gypsum Composite- A Partial Substitute of Timber
Sh. K. K. Phani, Sh. S. K. Som, Sh. M. Roy Choudhury, Sh. S. Ram, Sh. P. L. Chanda
Central Glass & Ceramic Research Institute, 
Kolkata
West Bengal
Rs.40,000/-
Civil
4
Flexible Graphite for Tapes and Sheets
Dr. O. P. Bahl, Dr. R.B.Mathur, Sh. S.S. Haanspal
National Physical Laboratory, 
New Delhi
Rs.40,000/-
Electrical/ Electronics
5
Submerged aro welding flux for narrow gap applications.
Sh. G.Buvanashekaran, Sh. P.Dhandapani, Ms. Kamla Narayanaswamy
Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd., Welding Research Institute
Tiruchirapalli
Rs.40,000/-
Metallurgy
6
A new method for application of manganese dioxide ore to Battery Grade.
Sh. K. L. Luthra, Sh. B.B.Choudhary
Manganese Ore India Ltd., Nagpur 
Rs. 40,000/-
Metallurgy
7
New improved process of continuous wet ball milling.
Sh. R.Basharapandian
The Metal Powder Co. Ltd., 
Madurai
Rs.30,000/-
Metallurgy
8
Deolier: A Cationic Polyelectrolyte
Dr. Duleshwar Mahanta, Sh. Azizur Rahmaan, Sh. B.P.Chaliha
Regional Research Laboratory
Jorhat
Rs.30,000/-
Chemical
9
A Process for the Manufacture of building bricks/ blocks from fly ash
Dr. S.N. Mukherjee, Sh. S.K. Majumdar, Sh. S.K.Das Gupta, Sh. A.K. Moitra, Ms. A. Lahiri
Central Fuel Research Institute
Dhanbad
Bihar
Rs.30,000/-
Civil
10
Digital micro meter for technology gap measurement
Sh. Nirmalendu Das
Bhilai Steel Plant
Bhilai
Rs.25,000/-
Electrical/ Electronics
11
Two stage pulping of whole bagasse
Sh. B.K. Moorthy, Dr. R.S.Tripathi, Sh. K.C. Rajasekhar
Mandya National Paper Mills Ltd.
Belagula
Rs.15,000/-
Agro
12
An improved type of hand operated crichsen tester to determine the deep drawing property of metal sheets.
Sh. Kumar Balram Bhatia
Blue Steel Engineers Pvt. Ltd., 
Mumbai
Rs.15,000/-
Electrical/ Electronics
13
Improved warning lamp
Sh. Sanjeev Khosla, Ms. Aarti Khosla
Sanarti International, 
New Delhi
Rs.10,000/-
Electrical/ Electronics
14
Multipurpose self retaining new brain retractore
Dr. S.P.Agarwal
Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, 
New Delhi
Rs.10,000/-
Metallurgy
15
Indigenous fabrication of modified version of cold reducing tube mill
Sh. Daya Kishab Wali, Sh. P.Dharma Rao
 ECIL
Hyderabad
Rs.10,000/-
Metallurgy
16
Development of a combined harvestor with simultaneous straw burising provision by new type of threshing and separation system.
Sh. Shamsher Singh

Faridkot, 
Punjab
Rs.10,000/-
Agro
17
Parallel Processor building block
Sh. S.G.Gopalan, Sh. A P Vinayagam
BMS College of Engg.
Bangalore,
Karnataka
Rs.10,000/-
Civil

Year : 1991

Sno
Title of Invention
Name of Inventor
Address
Awarded Amount (Rs)
Area/ Field
1
Dev. of Ferrite phase shifter technology (A) Nonreciprocal toroidal phase shifter and (B) Reciprocal duel moide phase shifter.
Dr. (Ms.) Bharathi Bhat, Dr. Shiban K. Koul, Sh. N.R. Nair, Sh. S.A.Jaleel
Indian Institute of Technology, Centre for Applied Res. in Electronics
Hauz Khas, 
New Delhi
Rs.50,000/-
Electrical/ Electronics
2
Carbon Composite Heat Shield for Re-entry structure of Rockets
Prof. K.V.A. Pandalal, Sh. K. Rama Rao, Sh. B. Sankara Rao
Indian Institute of Technology
Chennai
DRDL, Hyderabad
Rs.50,000/-
Metallurgy
3
Digital Autospan & Autosampler-An Opto-Electronic instrument for evaluating cotton length parameters
Sh. Shobha Nath Misra, Sh. R. Mannath
Bombay Textile Res. Association, 
Mumbai, 
Maharashtra
Rs.40,000/-
Textile
4
Wide Field Unit Magnification Telescope (Guidescope)
Dr. K.S.Balain,
 
Dr. Jagpal Singh, Sh. N.K.Jain, Sh. Ajay Kumar, 
Sh. Anup Kumar
Haryana State Electronics Dev. Corp. Ltd., Chandigarh
Instruments Design & Dev. & Facilities Centre, 
Haryana
Rs.40,000/-
Electrical/ Electronics
6
Micro Processor Based Mobile Metallizing Equipment
Dr. Mohammad Ghouse, Sh. K.A.Durgaprasad, Sh. A.R.Prabhu, Sh. V. Jayaraman. Sh. P Joshi
Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd., 
Hyderabad
Rs.30,000/-
Metallurgy
7
A Device for Reducing carbon monoxide (CO) emission from the exhaust of automobile engine.
Dr. V.Panduranga, Sh. L.Vijayaselvarangan, Sh. R. Ramakrishna
The Enfield India Ltd., 
Chennai
Rs.30,000/-
Mechanical
8
Electromagnetic Stirrer (Motoless)
Prof. D.V.S.Jain, Sh. Joginder Singh
Punjab University, 
Chandigarh
Rs.30,000/-
Electrical/ Electronics
9
Microprocessor based automatic pH control system for juice clarification process in sugar industry.
Sh. Laxmi Narayan, Sh. G.N.Acharya, Sh. K.S. N. Rao, Sh. Kota Srinivas
CEERI, 
Pilani
Rs.30,000/-
Electrical/ Electronics
10
Pyrophoric metal powder of zirconium and nuclear grade magnesium granules.
Sh. Shree Kant Chaudhary
Nuclear Fuel Complex,
Hyderabad
Rs.30,000/-
Metallurgy
11
Micro Mini Printer
Sh. Lakshman Prasad
M/s. Numerators India Ltd., Aligarh
Rs.25,000/-
Mechanical
12
Process for the manufacture of low moisture refactory composition 
Dr. Anukul Chandra Das, Dr. Gautam Banerjee
Central Glass & Ceramic Research Institute
Kolkata, 
West Bengal
Rs.25,000/-
Metallurgy
13
Spark Arrestor for tractors
Sh. Chintola Ram Yatri
Jhansi, UP
Rs.20,000/-
Mechanical
14
Mini Rolling Mill for Certain aluminium sections
Sh. Deen Dayal Kasera
Kasera Metal Industries,  
Jaipur, Rajasthan
Rs.15,000/-
Metallurgy
15
Hand Operated Baba Pump (Diaphragm Pump)
Sh. Suresh Nanadan Sahay, Sh. Ramesh Nandan Sahay
M/s. Standard Iron Industry, 
Patna
Bihar
Rs.15,000/-
Food
16
Dynex Keyless Shaft Coupler
Sh. M.P.Patel
Dynex Corporation, 
Ahmedabad
Gujarat
Rs.15,000/-
Mechanical
17
Optical Solar Reflector
Sh.H. Narayanamurthy, Sh. H. Bhojraj, Sh. R.Palanisamy, Dr. T.G.K. Murthy, Dr. C.L. Nagendra, Sh. V.P. Unnikrishnan
ISRO Satellite Centre, 
Bangalore
Certificate
Electrical/ Electronics